National Level E-Commerce Strategies For Developing Nations and Emerging Economies

I wrote an article before trying to mention three major national levels in which I think the developing nations and emerging economies should follow in order to get the benefits of E-commerce; which are Raising awareness about the benefits of E-commerce among their societies, Applying Electronic ways of doing business for their enterprises, whether small medium or large businesses, and making Governments play the leading role in the advancement and application of E-commerce such as through applying E-government technologies. In this article I would try to add other major strategies which I think should be given priority.

1. E-commerce Policy making

Driving E-commerce policy is among the major strategies that developing nations and emerging markets should focus. No E-commerce transaction can be done without a policy. Policies could be country specific with the current conditions of the nation. However, nations can take lessons from each other.

2. Use of Local language

Lack of local language Internet content is one of the obstacles E-commerce is facing in the developing nations. English is the most widely used language over the Internet. There is a high need of content by other languages ‚Äč‚Äčespecially those from the developing world. Thus it is very important for the societies of these nations to prepare Internet content with their own language. It is also another effective strategy in order to promote E-commerce in the nations.

3. Gender issues – giving equal access

In many countries, women make up the majority of the rural population, which is often marginalized in terms of telecommunications infrastructure, education and training.

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, E-COMMERCE AND DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2003

Most developing countries and emerging economies lock half of their E-commerce capacity behind doors. If all E-commerce opportunities are given with equal access for women, changes could be doubled. Thus, these nations should be sensitive on gender issues. Equal access for education and infrastructure should be granted if they want real change.

4. E-commerce Infrastructure

Telecommunications, banking, Hardware and Software are among the major infrastructures E-commerce needs to run. Unfortunately, the high cost of Internet, hardware and software are obstacles that limit E-commerce activities in the developing world. Infrastructures are primary for the establishment of E-commerce. Thus, these nations should set strategies to eliminate this problem.

A Guide To Motorcycle Helmets

If you have a motorbike or are considering buying one, then a motorcycle helmet is an absolute necessity. Indeed, in many parts of the world, it is a legal obligation to buy one.

Walking into a motorcycle accessories stockist, you may be confused by the range of helmets on offer. Fortunately, things are not quite so daunting as they first seem.

Let's take a closer look at the four main different types of motorbike helmets that are available.

The first is the full face helmet, which is ideal for those who want to feel better protected. These helmets provide full cover for your face, including a hinged visor.

As a result, a full face helmet is perfect for providing protection from the elements. It also offers greater protection that some other alternatives in case of an accident.

An open face motorbike helmet, by contrast, offers a lower degree of protection. You'll find that it does not have any protection for your chin.

It's generally worn with goggles or a visor, depending on the preference of the rider. Given that it leaves the rider feeling more exposed, it tends to be preferred by those looking for more freedom in their riding experience.

A compromise between protection and exposure is provided by flip up helmets. These will also allow you to talk to other people more easily, while still wearing your helmet.

Finally, you'll find that there are a range of off road helmets. These are aimed at those wishing to take place in motocross and other such sports.

If you've ever tried to ride in such an event then you'll know the importance of keeping all of that mud and grit away from your face!

The four types of helmet listed above are all available for purchase within the UK.

Treadmill Deck Info: Treadmill Decks Materials and Warranty

Treadmill deck is the material that forms the hard surface on which you run. In other words it’s the supportive surface. This article distinguishes the decking from the tread belt which is the belt that moves across the decking.

Important

Treadmill manufacturers don’t provide a great deal of information about the actual construction materials of their decks. These days most treadmills, especially if priced above $1,000 are constructed with decently strong tread decks (usually medium density fibreboard with a duo phenolic coating – all discussed in detail below).

However, strength isn’t the be all and end all. If strength were most important, more treadmill manufacturers would use metal. Metal is used, but not extensively.

What are decking construction objectives?

Like I said above, if strength was the only objective, metal or steel decks would rule the day. But strength isn’t the only objective. Quality decking should:

  • Be strong
  • Be durable
  • Have some elasticity (i.e. slightly flexible, but not bouncy)
  • Minimize noise (i.e. muffle noise if possible)
  • Have a smooth surface to minimize tread belt friction

What materials are used?

Often you’ll see reference to solid wood, medium density fibreboard (MDF), and metal as materials used for treadmill decks. For coating you’ll usually read about phenolic coating. The article explains these different materials.

Materials

1. Medium density fibreboard (MDF)

MDF is created by breaking down wood into fibres (sawdust) and then forming the fibres into a solid treadmill deck with wax and resin. The usual thickness is 3/4″ to 1″. You can read more about MDF here.

MDF is the predominant material used for treadmill decks.

2. Solid wood

The deck is made out of 3/4″ to 1″ solid wood. The trouble with solid wood is it’s hard to find a piece of wood that is perfect. MDF, although not perfect either, ensures a consistency that’s hard to find with solid wood.

Particle board: Particle board is no the same as MDF. Particle board is not fibre-based. It’s a solid wood composite product. The result is that particle board is much weaker than MDF. MDF is denser and stronger.

Avoid treadmills with decks using particle board. You’ll be lucky to get a year out of it.

3. Metal

Metal decks are not nearly as prevalent as solid wood or MDF decks. It’s heavier and doesn’t create as “soft” of a surface as wood or MDF. Running on metal or steel simply isn’t as enjoyable as on solid wood or MDF.

What material do I recommend?

MDF deck that is duo or triple coated with phenolic resin coating.

The coating

Some treadmills are coated on both sides (duo-coating, sometimes also referred to as triple-coating), while lower-quality treadmills coat only 1 side of a treadmill deck. The better deck is coated on both sides which helps reduce warping. It’s also better for reducing friction with the tread deck along the entire surface area on which the tread belt moves.

Best material used for coating:

Phenolic: This is the best coating material. You’ll pay more for phenolic coating, but it’s worth it.

What is phenolic resin coating?

Phenolic resin coating is a plastic resin. When a treadmill deck is coated with phenolic resin, wax the wood deck is unnecessary.

Can you build your own if your original deck breaks?

Yes, but it’s not advisable unless you really know what you’re doing. Simply slamming in a sheet of plywood or MDF isn’t going to do it. There’s properly coating the deck and ensuring it securely attaches to the treadmill.

The last thing you want is your deck to break apart when running or walking.

This is why having a lifetime warranty on your treadmill deck is important. Decks often break or crack (especially with lower-priced treadmills).

Decking Considerations

Replacement frequency

The range in the number of hours of use treadmill decks are good for is astounding. Some lower-end treadmill decks are designed for 500 hours, while other warranty their decks for life. Naturally the intensity of use and weight of users will impact the duration of a treadmill deck.

Is it reversible?

Some treadmill manufacturers make reversible tread decks so that you can get more mileage out of them.

Is reversible good?

It depends. Some manufacturers make treadmill decks that are warrantied for a lifetime without having to reverse them. Others don’t come with a lifetime warranty and can’t be reversed. These may have the shortest lifespan. Then there are treadmills with reversible decks which in theory doubles the lifespan of the treadmill deck.

The warranty

Ideally, the treadmill you buy will have a lifetime warranty on the deck. This is indicative the manufacturer stands behind the deck and in the event the deck fails, you get a replacement.

Cushioning technology

Cushioning technology is pretty cool these days. Treadmill cushioning technology includes the amount of, type of, and quality of the treadmill cushioning.

Cloud Computing: Pros and Cons

Trying to decide whether cloud computing for your company? Before you make any decisions, consider the pros and cons.

Drawbacks:

  • One issue that many business owners worry about when using cloud computing is security. They figure that as long as their important documents and information are stored locally, their data is safe. While that's not true, as anyone who's been hacked knows, the best way to combat this fear is to ask questions when interviewing cloud companies. Find out what their security measures are to ensure that your financial, personnel, banking and other sensitive information is as secure as if it were in a safe deposit box.
  • Unlike the one-time outlay of capital when purchasing a server, with cloud computing you will have ongoing monthly costs. In addition to subscription fees, paying for your bandwidth can prove a costly enterprise. Doing your homework to find out exactly how much it will cost is essential.
  • You'll be at the mercy of your Internet connection. If the Internet is down, you will not be able to access your data. While stronger and more pervasive Internet connectivity is rapidly rendering this problem obsolete, it's still an issue.

Benefits:

Allows IT department to be more than a server babysitter.

If your IT guys do not have to worry about constant server updates and other computing issues, they'll be free to focus on innovation.

Automated updating.

No longer do IT personnel need to worry about keeping software up to date.

Catastrophe insurance.

If your office burns down, is leased by a tsunami or swept up by aliens, your data is safe, stored in the cloud instead of the server in the broom closet.

Collaboration.

In the olden days, your staff could only collaborate when they were in the same room. Not anymore.

Flexibility.

As long as you have an Internet connection, you can work wherever and whenever you want.

Less expensive to run.

Since you do not have to buy software (and all the subsequent updates and upgrades), you save a bundle. You only pay for what you need, and many cloud computing apps are free. Typically you pay a monthly fee, giving you the opportunity to pay for only what you use, not a bunch of extra stuff that you do not even know what it is.

Level playing field for small companies.

Your startup can use the same tools that Fortune 100 companies on your terms and budget.

Quick and easy to set up and maintain.

How quick and easy? As setting up a Hotmail, LinkedIn or Facebook account.

Scalability. You can scale your usage up or down according to demand. If you have busy and slow seasons, this can really help you manage your finances.